Updated on August 11, 2021
How Is Asphalt Pavement Used?
Apex Asphalt Jacksonville FL is a thick black liquid, or semi-liquid oil form. It can be either a natural or a processed product and is often classed as an asphaltic product. Before the twentieth century, the word asphalt was used. This was because the natural asphalt had a black color and not much else. However, it is much easier to treat and uses various colors, including grey and tan. It is also cheaper than other types of asphalt.
The elemental composition of asphalt pavement consists of two primary layers: the unbound and the bound. As the name suggests, the unbound layer is further sub-divided into smaller components known as flakes. These flakes are then piled onto the base layers, and this entire procedure is known as curing.
When it comes to petroleum asphalt, it is the unbound component that is most commonly used for pavement. Petroleum is obtained from the petroleum reservoir and transported via truck. In most cases, petroleum is mixed with water, but there are cases when petroleum solids in excess are left in the pool. Then, they are compressed and cured in an underground furnace. This process of compressing the oil and water solids and passing them through a furnace causes the flakes to fall out, thus producing the asphalt material that we use on our roads.
When using petroleum-based asphalt, it is the natural asphalt that is utilized. The major difference between the two is that petroleum-based asphalt is more consistent, which accounts for why it is used for heavier vehicles such as cars and trucks, and also because it costs more. When using the natural asphalt, one must also use detergents and other chemicals to make sure that the consistency of the product is consistent. In contrast, asphalt made from petroleum is not as consistent.
One of the most common types of asphalt is the unglazed asphalt, which is the most inexpensive type of asphalt. In comparison to the other types, this kind of asphalt is composed of small particles that have been compressed together using heat. This process makes the small particles to be flat and even. When the asphalt is exposed to heat, it expands, and after this process, it becomes a hardened aggregate. This type of asphalt is commonly used to repair driveways and to perform tasks that require stone-like products. For instance, it is used to pre-cast concrete slabs and to build artificial hills.
Another type of natural asphalt is the granular asphalt, which has a smooth and consistent texture. It is comprised of many tiny beads that have been blended together, which increases its consistency. Because of this consistent texture, it is ideal for use in pavement repairs, and in fact, it can last up to fifty years without the need for repair. In comparison to its compressible counterpart, this asphalt has a lower compressive strength, but it has excellent heat-resistant properties and has a low-adhesion to pavement paint.
Compressed aggregates may also contain a chemical that stabilizes it and improves its heat resistance properties. This compound is called asphalt cement, and it may also be mixed with other ingredients in order to increase the consistency or durability. Although the asphalt cement itself is not as effective as the cement added with asphalt paver blocks, it does help in making the aggregates last longer and it makes them less subject to the cracking and breaking that other ingredients in the mixture cause. The combined effect of the cement and asphalt may result in an asphalt that is easier to handle, more durable and less likely to crack.
The application of asphalt is also important because it acts as a seal. Asphalt seal coats prevent moisture from seeping into the base material underneath, and this prevents the formation of cracks. Asphalt seal coats are usually applied on roads during the filling process, before driving on them, and again once the roads are completely dry. Perpetual pavement construction guarantees the longevity of these seal coats, so they can continue to perform their job for many years.